The body is made up largely of tiny “bricks" called cells. Each cell has a control centre called the nucleus (Figure 21.2). Malignant cells show several changes including enlargement of the nucleus and greater variation in the shapes of the nuclei and the cell (Figure 21.7). Pre-malignant cells may show similar changes. Fortunately, these changes occur before the abnormal cells descend into the deeper tissues.

Figure 21.2

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This is the personal website of David A Viniker MD FRCOG, retired Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - Specialist Interests - Reproductive Medicine including Infertility, PCOS, PMS, Menopause and HRT.
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